QUE HAY EN VOL VOL. 32 NO. 2
INDICE Y ABSTRACTOS

Marjorie Zambrano-Paff, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, US
"The Immigration Interpreter’s Co-Construction of the Defendant’s Testimony through Coercive Linguistic Techniques (Part II)"

 

Deborah Compte, The College of New Jersey, US
"Zoraida and Zelima: Cultural Cross-Dressing in Cervantes and Zayas"

Within the polarized racial, ethnic and religious dynamics of 17th century Spain, both Cervantes and Zayas examine issues of dominance, privilege and cultural passing through the creation of Zoraida and Zelima, two female figures who pass between the Arab and Christian worlds. While their respective literary articulations of a passing female figure who willfully trespasses established boundaries differ radically, both authors raise provocative questions concerning female ascendancy, cultural patrimony and the possibility of unity and integration in a divided society.

 

Eduardo Gregori, University of Wisconsin, US
"A Parody of Epic Proportions: Subverting the Heroic in Pío Baroja’s Zalacaín el aventurero"

Pío Baroja’s Zalacaín el aventurero (1909) has been customarily regarded as an unpretentious story of the Basque frontier during the Carlist war of 1872-1876. This article will provide an alternative reading of the novel by locating it in the turn-of-the-century historical revision of Sexenio Democrático (1868-1874), a cultural phenomenon—studied by Biruté Ciplijauskaité, Manuel Suárez Cortina and other scholars—that prompted Spanish fin de siglo intellectuals to revisit critically the formative years before the Monarchic Restoration. I will argue that Zalacaín el aventurero engages in an ideological demolition of the socio-political values of Restoration Spain through the systematic parody of epic and chivalric romances as the cultural foundation of the heroic. By subverting the heroic, Baroja effectively demolishes Restoration Spain’s values, engaging in a nihilistic endeavor against bourgeois society. Two main subversions are discussed: (a) the subversion of heroic and chivalric behaviour; and (b) the nihilist deconstruction of commerce and private property.

 

Grażyna Walczak, Fisk University, US
"Aspirations and Appearances: the cursilería in La Regenta as an Instrument of Social Criticism"

This paper offers a categorization of the manifestations of cursilería and an explanation of their significance in the novel La Regenta written by Leopoldo García-Alas “Clarín.” The occurrences of this phenomenon are classified here into two groups: the ridiculous behaviors of aspirants as they ascend the social ladder on one hand and the outdated practices of individuals of noble ancestry on the other. The interpretation of these varied incidents within each category helps to cultivate our understanding of the mechanisms of social criticism contained in one of the greatest literary works of Spanish realism.

 

Kyle Black, Arizona State University, US
"Borrando fronteras (invisibles): La prostitución y los inmigrantes de Madrid en Princesas de Fernando León de Aranoa"

Este proyecto analiza las experiencias de ciertas personas a quienes han tenido que subyugarse a trabajos menos profesionales y sobrevivir a niveles marginalizados, subalternos y sin su propia voz en la sociedad. Con el fin de considerar ciertas características inherentes en cuanto a la creación y formulación de comunidad e identidad dentro de estas poblaciones, este trabajo específicamente observa cómo se obtiene una voz a través de producciones culturales/narrativas como el cine. La representación de la diferencia, como la que se demuestra en Princesas de Fernando León de Aranoa, no debería ser interpretada como un reflejo de un rasgo cultural preestablecido, sino que en términos de cómo la película provee una voz para la constante negociación de las culturas hibridas que han surgido durante las transformaciones históricas recientes dentro de España.

 

Heather Hennes, St. Joseph’s University, US
"The Gendered Spaces of La Libertadora: Diego Rísquez’s Manuela Sáenz"

This essay analyzes Diego Rísquez’s 2000 film Manuela Sáenz: La Libertadora del Libertador as an innovative representation of the iconic Manuela Sáenz de Thorne (1797-1856), lover and companion of Simón Bolívar and a political activist in her own right. The study examines the ways in which the film portrays Sáenz as a complex protagonist whose agency stems from her ability to navigate the gender norms of her time. This analysis is framed by passages from Sáenz’s own letters and by what we know about women’s participation in the struggle for independence in Gran Colombia.

 

Patricia Napiorski, Appalachian State University, US
"Spanishing the English Language: Linguistic Overflow in the Poetry of Julia Alvarez and Victor Hernández-Cruz"

Latino discourse in the United States converge and contend with politics of identity, cultural and linguistic border crossing, and infuse the empty spaces of History and politics with resistant and alternative paradigms. Through   “linguistic intimidation,” Latino poetics stains the English language, which overflows and is Spanishzied in order to express an entire (U.S. Hispanic) bilingual/bicultural experience. This experience is textualized as an act of altering signification, and act of descentering oneself and playing with language. A sort of linguistic transcreation that enables the Latino poet to enter into dialogues with the multiple aspects of self revealed through dispersal.

 

Paul L. Goldberg, Widener University, US
"The Discourse of Travel and Mobility in Recent Mexican Fiction: The Case of Luis Felipe G. Lomelí’s Ella sigue de viaje"

This article examines the theme of mobility and travel in Ella sigue de viaje (2004), a collection of short stories by the Mexican writer Luis Felipe G. Lomelí. A broader definition of mobility enables one to read these stories as a reflection of larger economic and technological processes that characterize twenty-first century social experience in Mexico and Latin America.  This article contributes to the corpus of literary scholarship regarding the most recent generation of Mexican writers who have come of age during an era of globalization and transnationalism.   

 

Rosario M. de Swanson, Marlboro College, US
“Si alguien dice que está desarrollado y no goza de los derechos humanos, no lo está. Entrevista al escritor ecuatoguineano Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel”

La literatura y cultura de Guinea Ecuatorial son centrales para un entendimiento mejor de la complejidad de legados que conforman las culturas del mundo hispano, sin embargo se sabe poco sobre Guinea Ecuatorial. Esta entrevista busca dar a conocer la problemática guineana a través de los ensayos del escritor Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel. Sus ensayos aportan una visión contemporánea, desde África, a debates como la civilización y la barbarie, tradición y modernidad, debates que han dominado el pensamiento latinoamericano y que ahora forman parte del discurso intelectual de Guinea sobre el futuro.

 

 ABSTRACTS OF BOOK REVIEWS

Eduardo Gregori, University of Wisconsin Marathon County, US
Fernández, Pura y Marie Linda Ortega, eds. La mujer de letras o letraherida: discourses y representaciones de la mujer escritora en el siglo XIX. Madrid: CSIS, 2008. 458p.

 

 


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