QUE HAY EN VOL 32, NO. 1
INDICE Y ABSTRACTOS

Olga Rivera, Kent State University, US
“Ideología del género en el‘Colloquio llamado matrimonio’

Espanol:

El “Colloquio llamado matrimonio” se inscribe como una práctica discursiva del orden simbólico de la domesticidad asociado con el surgimiento de la institución de la familia durante la época del Renacimiento. En este artículo se examinan los enunciados fundamentales de la ‘moral de la esfera privada y la casa,’ y se ilustra cómo mediante el uso del exemplum, Erasmo de Rotterdam legitima los roles asignados a cada uno de los cónyuges en la ideología del género articulada durante el periodo moderno temprano.

English:
The “Colloquio llamado matrimonio” is inscribed as a discursive practice of the symbolic order of domesticity related to the emergence of the family as an institution during Renaissance. In this article, I analyze the fundamental statements on “morality of the private sphere and that of the house.” I illustrate how Erasmus of Rotterdam, through his use of the exemplum, legitimates the roles assigned to both husband and wife within the ideology of gender articulated during the Early Modern Period.

 

Victoria Wolff, The University of Western Ontario, Canada
"Musico-literary Dialogue in Los ríos profundos by José María Arguedas"

Drawing upon his personal experience and knowledge of music, Peruvian writer José María Arguedas incorporated the words in Quechua and Spanish to songs of the Andean world in his writing. This article looks at Arguedas’s best-known novel, Los ríos profundos, and shows how specific songs together and in dialogue create a new musico-literary thread as they continually questions, echo, and respond to one another, even though found in different sections of the novel.

 

María Inés Cisterna Gold, University of Massachusetts, Boston, US
"Figuras de la autobiografía: La voz del escritor en Maldición eterna a quien lea estas páginas (1980) de Manuel Puig"

Este trabajo se propone analizar cómo la novela de Manuel Puig, Maldición Eterna a quien lea estas páginas, plantea la problemática relación que existe entre la experiencia del exilio y el ejercicio de la escritura a través del uso y reelaboración de las distintas formas que abarca el género de la autobiografía, incluyendo el testimonio y la confesión. Se trata de un texto que se hace cargo de la vulnerabilidad que implica el relato de una historia personal cuando ésta se construye en el contexto del exilio, la dictadura y la violencia.

 

Elvira Sánchez-Blake, Michigan State University, US
"Narrativas de locura: La nave de los locos de Peri Rossi y Nadie me verá llorar de Rivera Garza"

En este ensayo se analizan dos novelas de escritoras latinoamericanas que se acercan al tema de la locura desde la perspectiva femenina. En La nave de los locos (1984) de la uruguaya Cristina Peri Rossi y Nadie me verá llorar (1999) de la mexicana Cristina Rivera Garza, la locura ocupa un espacio central y tiene como objetivo presentar una realidad desde una óptica alternativa. La correlación entre locura, mirada y literatura servirá para demostrar que la locura se utiliza como un artificio narrativo para transmitir un mensaje que cuestiona o redefine una realidad.

 

Cynthia Duncan, University of Washington, Tacoma, US
“Ownership, Authorship, and the Question of Purity in Júrame que te casaste virgen by Beatriz Escalante”

This essay examines Escalante’s novel as an example of postmodern pastiche and situates it in the context of “literature light,” a term coined by critics in Mexico to diminish the value of best selling fiction by women.  It considers how Escalante uses her novel to comment on the challenges of writing in a globalized economy, where the demand for original creative work by authors is counterbalanced by many readers’ desire for familiar genre fiction. 

 

Nataly Tcherepashenets, State University of New York , US
"The Secrets of the Era: the Rhetoric of Silence on Responsibility and Guilt in Mario Vargas Llosa’s La fiesta del Chivo"

Vargas Llosa’s novel, La fiesta del Chivo can be read as a secret history of Trujillo’s era as it undermined intimacy and corrupted human values. The novel’s plot unfolds according to ethical premises: monstrous evil is willfully concealed by a degraded society, which is forced to come to terms with its own degradation by the pangs of conscience of its agents. I propose a reading of La fiesta del Chivo from two complementary perspectives: Mikhail Bakhtin’s ideas about fundamental crises of contemporary action and ethics will allow me to read the novel as a narrative field of unresolvable conflict; and Jacques Derrida’s preoccupation with the ethics of the mortal will help me to consider the encounter of ethics and ontology which takes place in the text. In light of Bakhtin’s and Derrida’s perspectives, I will discuss the humiliation of the protagonist Urania Cabral at the hands of her father, the artistic representation of the dictator Rafael Leónidas Trujillo and the life under his rule, and the assassination plot against the dictator by his guilt-ridden associates as expressions of the hidden and most terrifying characteristic of dictatorship: the interwoven dehumanization of public and private life.

 

Vitelia Cisneros, Kent State University, US
“Una visión al problema del exilio en el Perú a través de la poesía de José Antonio Mazzotti”

This article analyzes the poem “Himnos nacionales” by José Antonio Mazzotti who is part of the 1980’s generation of Peruvian poetry. By following the categories of “linearity” and “thickness” developed by Antonio Cornejo Polar, the poem can be read as a cohabitation of contradictions, traditions and resources that gives to the exiled subject the experience of heterogeneous voices. In the case of “Himnos nacionales” a main part of this experience involves the consequences of the armed conflict that Peru endured in the last decades of the twentieth century.

 

Kathryn Quinn-Sánchez, Georgian Court University, US
“Living Theory: Representing Lives in Norma E. Cantú’s Canícula”

This article underscores the need for a theory that values lived experiences. In particular, I discuss how Norma E. Cantú’s Canícula can be considered both narrative and theory when read through the lens of post positivist realism. Solidarity between Chicanas is presented as it relates to carving out loving worlds where each of us listens and learns (Bridge, 353). Finally, the role of writing as agency as envisioned by Brent R. Henze demonstrates that Canícula narrates and theorizes Chicana identity simultaneously.

 

Guillermo García-Corales and Audrey K. Bryant, Baylor University and Texas A&M University, US
“Ramón Díaz Eterovic and the Latin American Detective Narrative”
This interview presents an overview of the novels of Ramón Díaz Eterovic (1956), a prominent Chilean writer and one of the leaders of the Generation of 1980, who has successfully utilized detective fiction to provide insightful social commentary on contemporary Chile.  The authors explore the transposition of Díaz Eterovic’s works to a popular television series, “Heredia & Asociados”, and their connection with novels written by distinguished Latin American writers such as the Argentinean Mempo Giardinelli and the Cuban Leonardo Padura Fuentes.

ABSTRACTS OF BOOK REVIEWS

Josefina Lopez, Wake Forest University, US
Beibe, Irene. Primavera y Oasis.  Obsidiana Press: West Virginia, 2007. 70pp.

Elena Sánchez Mora, Saint John’s University, US
Bertranou, Eleonora. Rodolfo Walsh: Argentino, escritor, militante. Buenos Aires: Leviatán, 2006.

Eleonora Bertranou, College of St. Benedict/St. John’s University, US
Fabbri, Edda. Oblivion. Montevideo: Ediciones del Caballo Perdido, 2007. 100pp.

Christine Blackshaw Naberhaus, Mount Saint Mary’s University, US
Frost, Daniel. Cultivating Madrid: Public Space and Middle-Class Culture in the Spanish Capital, 1833- 1890. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 2008. 225 pp.

Christine Blackshaw Naberhaus, Mount Saint Mary’s University, US
Dupont, Denise. Realism as Resistance: Romanticism and Authorship in Galdós, Clarin, and Baroja. Lewisburg: Bucknell Univeristy Press, 2006. 250pp.

Scott Nelson, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, US
Rodríguez, Jeanette and Ted Fortier. Cultural Memory: Resistance, Faith and Identity. Austin: U of Texas P., 2007. 154pp.

 

 


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