QUE HAY EN VOL 31, NO. 1
INDICE Y ABSTRACTOS

Daniel Salas-Diaz, University of Colorado at Boulder, US
"'Escrito con la pluma de un ángel': Intercambio y economía simbólica en El Abencerraje y la hermosa Jarifa"

El Abencerraje, a short story written in the Sixteenth Century in Spain, has generated numerous and cotradictory interpretations. The fundamental problem that critics have faced is how to explain the way in which a tale of friendship and exchange of courtesies between two enemies contributes to reinforce the superiority of the Christians over the Muslims. This article applies Bourdieu’s categories of habitus, misrecognition and symbolic power in order to understand the negotiations involved in this short story. The absence of an explicit recognition of what is being negotiated between the Christian knight Rodrigo and the Muslim knight Abindarraez, is the key that lead us to understand by which means it is possible to vindicate the image of the enemy and at the same time to strengthen the dominance of Spanish identity.

 

J. Michael Fulton, Wake Forest University, US
“Impossibility or Empowerment? Fray Luis de León’s Imprisonment and the Writing of De los nombres de Cristo”

In the dedicatoria to De los nombres de Cristo, Fray Luis de León states that he wants to take advantage of “este ocio, en que la injuria y mala voluntad de algunas personas me han puesto.” Is this merely a poetic flourish, which we see in many prologues of the period, or does Fray Luis really mean that he was writing De los nombres de Cristo from his Inquisitorial cell? This article examines the conditions of Fray Luis’ imprisonment, the cases of other prisoners housed under similar circumstances, and psychological studies on isolation and confinement in order to answer the question of whether Fray Luis could have written De los nombres de Cristo while imprisoned.

 

Jennifer Smith, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, US
"The Wet Nurse and the Subversion of the Ángel del Hogar in Medical and Literary Texts from Nineteenth-Century Spain"

In nineteenth-century Spain the practice of wet nursing came under attack due to the high mortality rate of children who were sent to wet nurses, as well as to fears about hereditary transmition through breast milk. Why was it then that so many women continued to use wet nurses?  In this article I contend that the highly sexualized and often grotesque portrayals of wet nurses, breastfeeding and even of breasts themselves undermined idealized images of the chaste ángel del hogar with which women wanted to identify. This led many women to seek out wet nurses in spite of the risks to their children.

 

Virginia Santos-Rivero, Hunter College, City University of New York, US
"Representaciones de las mujeres en los carteles de la Guerra Civil Española. Parte I."

El estudio de los carteles producidos durante la Guerra civil debe realizarse desde las múltiples perspectivas que determinan su producción y su significado. Ellos se conforman visualmente según el lenguaje estético vanguardista de los años 30, y simbólicamente según el lenguaje político que proviene de dos tradiciones políticas desde las revoluciones burguesas: la conservadora y la liberal.  La producción de los carteles durante la Guerra Civil obedece también a estrategias bélicas y logísticas, y los mensajes transmitidos por ellos tienen en muchas ocasiones a la mujer como receptora del texto, y por ende, como parte de su lenguaje simbólico.

 

Virginia Santos-Rivero, Hunter College, City University of New York, US
"Representaciones de las mujeres en los carteles de la Guerra Civil Española. Parte II."

En las tradiciones conservadora y liberal, los conceptos de “tradición y “progreso” son fundamentales en ambos discursos políticos. El cambio de la situación de la mujer en la sociedad española es uno de los principales puntos del programa político republicano. En el estudio del lenguaje retórico de las representaciones de las mujeres en los carteles en la Guerra Civil se advierte claramente  cómo la transgresión del orden político queda reflejada en la transgresión del orden simbólico, característica que marcará profundamente todas las producciones culturales posteriores; de la posguerra, del franquismo y de la transición.

 

Robert Simon, Kennesaw State University, US
“The Mystic that Nagged Last: Jesús Jiménez Reinaldo’s La mística del fracaso, Anti-illumination and the Paradigm Shift”

Jesús Jiménez Reinaldo’s La mística del fracaso combines the deconstructive with a mystical perspective reminiscent of the so-called “poesía del silencio” to reach a relatively negative illumination, a sort of “poesía de la pues-nada”. In this study I also intend to suggest that Jiménez Reinaldo’s work reflects the need, on a larger scale, for the type of binary opposition within the body of mystical texts that we would normally find only on the level of the individual text. I would also like to suggest the contextualization of this collection into the greater notion of the Paradigm Shift in the cultural idea of Spain and that of Spanish Poetry, as I have studied it so far. I will then suggest resituating Jiménez Reinaldo’s work within a slightly wider context, that of Iberian (both Spanish and Portuguese) cultural notions within the literary space as a whole. 

 

Melissa A. Stewart, Western Kentucky University, US
“The Transformation of Carme Riera’s Catalan Creations in Castilian”

Carme Riera has translated collections of her stories and a number of her novels to Castilian, including the two most recent ones: La meitat de l’ànima and L’estiu de l’anglès. Focusing on these texts, I explore Riera’s views on translating her own works and examine some of the important ways in which the translations differ from the originals. It appears that in some instances what she calls the new “version” actually loses elements that are vital to the success of the fiction in the original. Such variations indicate that the texts available to her Castilian readership may be significantly different. 

 

Melvy Portocarrero, Bradley University, US
"Mujercitas: de Alcott a Serrano, una nueva visión femenina de la mujer latinoamericana"

Marcela Serrano en Hasta siempre mujercitas propone una nueva lectura de la famosa obra Mujercitas de Louisa May Alcott. En cuya trama vemos a mujeres que poseen la determinación de crear su propia naturaleza femenina en una sociedad que las limita y las confina a una dependencia.

Este ensayo analiza factores como: la construcción del sujeto femenino, la condición de la mujer, el amor, el dolor, la sexualidad y el poder.  Además demuestra lo que un sector de la cultura feminista se propone en conocer y analizar: la especificidad de la mujer como forma histórica, y la diversidad de sus metas.

 

Cherie Meacham, North Park University, US
“Traumatic Realism in Isabel Allende’s Retrato en Sepia”

Viewing the experience of the protagonist, Aurora del Valle, as profoundly and singularly marked by trauma, this paper utilizes contemporary theory on trauma from the fields of psychology, literary criticism, and cultural studies to evaluate her progress towards recovery.  This central focus on trauma as a historical leitmotif reveals significant patterns of gendered alienation on personal, national, and even universal levels. Trauma, then, is viewed as central to the production of the text in which Allende’s “blend of objective reconstruction and empathetic performance” reveals a path of mitigated recovery and transcendence from the violent upheaval that often leaves survivors in a state of emotional paralysis or manic derangement.

 

Dennis Perri, Grinnell College, US
"Torrecilla’s Tornados, Guía de Los Angeles, En la red:  The Information Age and Its Discontents"

Increasingly powerful computers and sophisticated applications have made video games, digital communication, and surfing the internet almost addictive behavior in the information age.  Jesús Torrecilla’s three novels to date (Tornados, 1998; Guía de Los Angeles, 2001; En la red 2004), examine the problematic relationship between the self and these technologies. These narratives present a series of cautionary tales that underscore the dangers of succumbing to the lure of digital and virtual experience. For Torrecilla, the deepening involvement with video games, cyberspace, and computers, jeopardizes the self’s authentic interaction with the outside world.

 

ABSTRACTS OF BOOK REVIEWS

Timothy Reed, Ripon College, US
Samuel Amago’s True Lies: Narrative Self-Consciousness in the Contemporary Spanish Novel. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 2006. 215 pages.

 

Oswaldo Estrada, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, US
Brescia, Pablo y Evelia Romano, eds. El ojo en el caleidoscopio: las colecciones de textos integrados en la literatura latinoamericana. México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2006, 557pp.

 

Andrew  R. Reynolds, Indiana University --Bloomington, US
Gutiérrez Nájera, Manuel. Cuentos. Ed. José María Martínez. Madrid: Ediciones
Cátedra, 2006. 405pp. ISBN: 84-376-2315-4

 

Samuel Manickam, University of North Texas, US
Miguel López-Lozano. Utopian Dreams, Apocalyptic Nightmares: Globalization in Recent Mexican and Chicano Narrative. West Lafayette: Purdue UP, 2008. 294 pp. ISBN: 978-1-55753-484-2

 

Alberto Acereda, Arizona State University, US
Rubén Darío. ¿Va a arder París…? Crónicas cosmopolitas, 1892-1912. Ed. Gϋnther Schmigalle. Madrid: Veintisisete Letras, 2008. ISBN: 978-84-936358-0-0. 254 pp.

 

Alberto Acereda, Arizona State University, US
Antología crítica de poesía modernista hispanoamericana. Ed. Mercedes Serna y Bernat Castany. Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 2008. ISBN: 978-84-206-6839-0. 469 pp.

 


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